Carbon steel pipe fittings are produced from various carbon steel materials. There are wrought carbon steel materials as well as ordinary ones. All of the carbon steels contain iron and carbon in their composition. The addition of other elements is also possible depending on the grades of the material. Carbon steel can contain different levels of composition based on the type of steel. The mild or low carbon steel contains up to 0.4% manganese content. This composition is cheaper but is less strong. The medium carbon steel material can contain up to 0.84% carbon and up to 1.65% manganese content. The carbon steel pipe fittings can be made from high or very high carbon steel as well. The mild carbon steel has a balance of strength and wear and tear resistance. The high carbon steel contains up to .65% carbon and up to .9% manganese.
The very high carbon steel has up to 2.1% carbon and it is used in specific applications such as atomic and molecular structures. The high carbon steel is stronger and is used in high strength applications. The carbon steel fittings therefore are used in a wide variety of applications. Depending on the application requirements, the different grades and types of carbon steel could be used. The WPHY 52 is a wrought carbon steel and its price is different than the ordinary carbon steel. This is used for high pressure rating applications. It is used for eccentric reducers, lap joint stub end reducing cross and so on.